When it comes time to select a residential septic system, there are many factors to consider; you need to find a system that will work well with your property and meet your needs.

How do you know which system is right for your home and your needs? This guide will help make the process easier by outlining some key factors to consider when selecting a septic system.

So, whether you’re just starting to research septic systems or are narrowing down your choices, read on for tips that will point you in the right direction.​

What is a Septic System?

A septic system is a treatment system for wastewater typically used in rural areas where there is no access to central sewer systems.

These systems are designed to remove pollutants from the water before discharge into the environment. Septic systems come in various sizes and designs, so it is important to select the system that is best suited for your needs.

What to Consider while Selecting a Residential Septic System

Here are some things to consider when selecting a residential septic system:

  • The size of your property: The size of your property will determine the size and capacity of the septic system you need.
  • The soil type on your property: Different soils absorb water at different rates. This will impact how often the septic system needs to be pumped.
  • The climate in your area: Climate can impact the amount of water available to be treated.
  • The type of wastewater you generate: The type of wastewater you generate will impact the design of the septic system you need.
  • Your budget: Septic systems can vary greatly in price, so it is important to consider your budget when deciding.

A Guide for Selecting a Residential Septic System

When choosing a septic system for your home, it is important to understand how these systems work and your needs. Septic systems come in many different sizes and types, so it is important to select the system that is best suited for your home and property.

What are the types of residential septic systems?

These are types of residential septic systems:

  1. Traditional septic tanks
  2. Aerobic systems
  3. Pumped systems etc.

Each type has its pros and cons, so you will need to consider your specific needs when making your choice.

Traditional Septic Tanks

Traditional septic tanks have been used for residential wastewater management for many years. They are typically made of concrete, fiberglass, or polyethylene, and they come in various sizes.

Traditional septic tanks typically have one or two compartments, and they work by separating solid and liquid waste. The solid waste settles at the bottom of the tank while bacteria break down the liquid waste.

Traditional septic tanks require periodic maintenance, and they can be susceptible to leaks and Root Intrusion. However, they are typically less expensive than other types of septic tanks. In addition, the system may need to be pumped every 3-5 years.

If you are considering a traditional septic tank for your home, it is important to consult with a professional to ensure that it is the right choice.

Aerobic System

An anaerobic system is a type of septic system that uses oxygen to break down the wastewater. These systems are typically more expensive than traditional septic tanks, but they are also much more efficient.

Aerobic systems are one type of septic system available for residential use. These systems have several benefits, including that they require less maintenance than other types of septic systems.

Aerobic systems also provide superior wastewater treatment, making them an excellent choice for homes with young children or multiple occupants.

Pumped Systems

Pumped systems are popular in areas where the groundwater is high, or the soil drains poorly. Pumped systems have a tank that is located above ground, and they use a pump to move the wastewater from the tank to the leach field. Pumped systems typically cost more than gravity systems, but they have several advantages.

One can install pumped systems in various soils, and they are not as vulnerable to clogging as gravity systems. In addition, pumped systems allow for greater flexibility in siting the leach field, which can be important in areas with limited space. Pumped systems require more maintenance than gravity systems, however, and they can be more prone to failure.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What are the most common causes of failure in a residential septic system?

It is estimated that between 20 and 30 percent of all septic systems fail within a five to 10-year period. There are many reasons for this statistic, but the three most common causes of failure in a residential septic system are clogging, leaching, and ponding. 

Clogging occurs when the draining field becomes plugged with organic matter, preventing wastewater from infiltrating the soil. Leaching occurs when effluent seeps out of the drain field and into the groundwater. 

Ponding occurs when water accumulates on the surface of the drain field, preventing proper aeration and leading to anaerobic conditions. While many factors contribute to these problems

2. What should I consider before installing a septic system?

Before selecting a septic system for your home, there are a few important factors to consider. First, you need to determine the size of the system that will be required. The size of the system will be based on the number of bedrooms in your home and the average daily water usage.

Next, you need to decide where the system will be located. The system’s location must be at least 10 feet away from any buildings or property lines. Once you have determined the size and location of the system, you can begin to compare different brands and models.

It is important to look at the warranty and maintenance requirements when comparing septic systems. You should also ask for references from people who have installed the same brand and model of septic.

3. Which is the best type of residential septic system?

It is estimated that one-third of the world’s population uses a septic system to treat wastewater. Septic systems come in many different designs, but they all have one common goal: to remove pollutants from wastewater so that they can safely return it to the environment.

The most basic septic system is a simple pit latrine, which is nothing more than a hole in the ground lined with an impermeable material. More sophisticated septic systems use various treatment methods, including bio-digestion, aeration, and chlorination.

Choosing the best residential septic system depends on several factors, including the size of the home, the amount of wastewater generated, and the local climate.

In Summary

Selecting the right septic system for your home can be difficult, but it is important to make an informed decision.

One of the most important factors to consider is the size of the system. The size of the system will be based on the number of bedrooms in your home and the average daily water usage.

Another important factor to consider is the location of the system. The system must be located at least 10 feet away from any buildings or property lines.

With so many different brands and models of septic systems on the market, it is important to do your research before purchasing. You should ask for references from people who have installed the same brand and model of septic system that you are considering.

Ultimately, the best type of residential septic system is the one that meets the specific needs of your home.

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